Parshas Ki Savo

Rabbi Gidon Goldberg's picture

Dear Parents,

As we begin to prepare for Selichos we are all earnestly looking at the teshuva, repentance, process and to the daunting task of praying before Hashem on the Yomim Noro’im and asking Him to inscribe us for a good year. Daunting? Rabbi Yissocher Frand shared an encouraging insight into the teshuva process.

In next week’s parshah, Moshe Rabbeinu tells the Jewish People that he has given them a clear choice: “Behold I have placed before you today that which is life and that which is good; that which is death and that which is evil… And you shall choose life, in order that you and your children shall live” (Devorim 30:15–19).

The Medrash comments on this verse: “And Rav Chagai says, ‘Not only this, but I have given you two paths and have gone above the requirements of the law by telling you which path to take.'”
What is the meaning of this Medrash? Why is Hashem telling the Jews to choose life considered lifnim mishuras hadin, over and beyond the call of duty? It seems that Hashem was merely placing the two options on the table, so to speak, and giving good advice — to choose life. How is Hashem saying, “And you shall choose life,” considered above and beyond the call of duty?

I saw an answer from the son of Rav Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld. There is a posuk in Parshas Bechukosai (Vayikra 26:3) that says, “If you will walk in My statutes and keep My commandments and do them.” Our Rabbis comment, “If you will keep (u’shmartem) the commandments, I will consider it as if you have done them (v’asisem).”
What is this posuk teaching us? Is it not obvious that if we keep the mitzvos, we are doing them?

We see an amazing thing from this. The words es mitzvosai tishmoru do not mean “if you keep my mitzvos.” The root of tishmoru comes from the etymology of “And his father kept the matter” (v’oviv shomar es hadovor) (Bereishis 37:11). In other words, according to the Medrash, the verse is saying, “If you make the mental note to keep my commandments, if you accept in principle to keep them, then I will consider it as if you have kept them.”

Where do we see that the Torah considers a person to have kept the Torah, even if the person has only agreed in principle to keep the mitzvos?
Rav Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld says that this is what we learn from the verse “And you shall choose life” (Devorim 30:19). The “above and beyond the call of duty” to which the Medrash refers is that Hashem promised, “if you choose life,” then I will consider it as if it has already been done. If you merely accept in principle to observe, then it will be considered as if you already observe.”
Hashem is not asking for action here. Hashem is asking for commitment: “Just raise your hands and I will consider it as if you are already on My ‘team.'” The Medrash is alluding to this great kindness that Hashem provided for us.

This is perhaps one of the most encouraging things to hear before Rosh Hashanah. When we go into the Day of Judgment and reflect back on this year, knowing that we are not up to par, we wonder “how can we make a deal, what can we do to improve our balance sheet?” We wonder, “How can we get an infusion of spiritual capital right before the Yom HaDin, the Day of Judgment?”
This Chazal is telling us that a sincere acceptance to become better, to do specific things, gives one credit as if he has already done them. That is the wondrous novelty of the verse, “And you shall choose life.”
If, perhaps, the amount that one learns Torah has slipped, and one would really like to learn every day rather than a couple of times a week… If he sincerely commits to learning every day, then he can go into the Yom HaDin in the eyes of Hashem as if he learns every day.

As long as that acceptance is sincere, and is more specific than merely, “I’m going to be better,” and as long as it can be quantified and identified in one’s mind and sincerely accepted, then the chiddush of “And you shall choose life” teaches us that, as of today — Erev Rosh Hashanah — one is viewed in the eyes of Hashem as if he has already become better.
Who doesn’t need to improve his appearance before Hashem, only days before Rosh Hashanah? All Hashem wants is “And you shall choose” — a vote, a sincere commitment to improve in specific, quantifiable areas. Then “I will account it for you as if it were done.”

I am proud to belong to a community that makes commitments and sets self-improvement goals. In this merit, I hope we will all be inscribed for a happy and healthy new year.

Have a kesivah v’chasima tovah!

Good Shabbos,
Rabbi Peretz Scheinerman, Dean